Welsh Corgi Cardigan
Welsh Corgi Pembroke
Pembroke and Cardigan: what are the differences?
In fact, the division of the standard shows the recognition of a very obvious fact: the Corgi is two different breeds, not one as previously thought. The Welsh Corgi Pembroke and the Welsh Corgi Cardigan are different breeds, originating from 2 counties in Wales. Pembrokeshire, Cardiganshire have always been separated by mountain ranges, and because of this there has been no active interbreeding between the local dog breeds. The mountain range that divides the county is the Cambrian mountain range. It stretches from the southwestern peninsula to northeastern Wales. As a result of closely related crossbreeding, isolated development in isolated mountainous terrain, these breeds have been able to consolidate their individual phenotype specificity.
At first glance, both the Pembroke and the Cardigan are visually similar to the fox, they are not nimble enough, short-nosed and not large.
Size: When viewed up close, the cardigan appears larger, rougher than the pembroke.

The cardigan has a stiff, short coat. The coat color can be tiger, red, black, tricolor, marbled in various combinations, with slight white or red markings. In turn, the Pembroke has medium-length coat, color - only red or tricolor, with large white inclusions on the neck, chest and paws.

Ears: Cardigans have larger, more rounded tips, while Pembroke ears are medium- sized.

Tail: Pembrokies are a cupped-tailed breed. Typically, these dogs have puppies in their litters that are cupped from birth. Puppies that are born with a tail, it is mainly cropped to the length of one vertebra. Today in the countries of Europe it is not practiced to trim the tail of a Pembroke. The tail of the Cardigan is long and has never been bought.

Character: by nature the Cardian is reserved and quiet, the Pembroke is more
inquisitive and active.
Conditionally both breeds are ranked as "straight-haired sheepdogs"; but, like all other ancient breeds, each of them is something much more than a breed in the generally known interpretation of the word. This means that there is still much misunderstanding and confusion about their "kinship". Originally the definition of the breed was not based on the exterior, but on the working qualities of the dog, so the phenotype could change considerably over the centuries. It was not until the mid-twentieth century that it became firmly established (to be sure of this, it is worth looking at photos, reports from exhibitions in the early twentieth century).

Today there are hypotheses claiming kinship between corgis and various breeds. As a rule, they are based solely on visual similarities. For example, there is an opinion that the Cardigan is a distant relative of dachshund dogs, but when it got the infusion from this branch, when it moved away from it, remains only a guess.

Most likely, the lineage of the humble four-legged aborigines of western Britain traces back to the very time when they arrived here accompanied by the first humans. It is not their fault that this lineage has been lost to the ages. Over the course of thousands of years, the Corgi may have crossed with different breeds of dogs that were brought to the British Isles. At this point there is no way to either disprove or prove the theories that arise on the subject.
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